An electronic publication of the Democratic clubs and organizations of the Mount Diablo region.
This contains cultural, historical, educational, recreational, and Democratic political information for Central
and Eastern Contra Costa County and is brought to you by your fellow citizen members of
the region's Democratic clubs.
Contra Costa County is one of the nine San Francisco Bay Area
counties . The central portion is east of the bay's eastern hills and west of the Diablo
range, extending from San Pablo bay in the north to highway 580 in the south near Dublin.
"Contra Costa" is Spanish for "opposite coast" (when viewed across the bay from San Francisco).
Much of what was seen of Contra Costa from San Francisco in the Spanish colonial (1776-1821) and Mexican provincial (1821-1846) periods is now within the
county of Alameda. While the cities of Richmond and Kensington remain with views of
San Francisco bay, and the county seat, Martinez, lies on the Sacramento River, the
bulk of the county is inland, over the hills seen from San Francisco and extends east to
the San Juaquin river and south to the vicinity of interstate highway 580 in the Livermore valley.
Did you know that the first coffee year data as we now see in bars? And why they were invented? And why coffee prepared with these machines makes a cream that we do not get at home with an Italian coffee lifetime?
All these questions and many more are resolved in the magnificent article published by the online publication of the US Smithsonian Instituo (if you see the “Bones” series, for sure you the name sounds 😉)
Article delve into people and inventions that hiceron possible to reach the current espresso machine, we can see in bars and cafes around the world.
How the original article is in English, I have allowed the audacity to translate it into Spanish for the enjoyment of us all.
Original article (English)
The Long History of the Espresso Machine
Design Decoded, Smithsonian.com
Each issue we address in Design Decoded is explored through a series of interrelated chapters, we hope, provide a new point of view to see the things around us in everyday life. This is the second installment in a series on the centuries-old concoction, which can cause jump out of bed or fuel a revolution. , A cafeteria, drip, mud, juice the idea, whatever it ‘s called, coffee with any other name Java, Joe still has such a bitter taste. Or not? In our continued effort to unlock the forms design factors in the world around us, Design Decoded is studying all the keys of coffee. Read Part 1 in the reinvention of the cafeteria .
For many coffee drinkers, coffee espresso stands. It is the purest distillation of the coffee bean, the literal essence of a grain. In another sense, it is also the first instant coffee. Before the concept espresso, brew a cup of coffee could take up to five minutes and five minutes. But what is espresso and how it came to dominate our morning routines?
Although many people are familiar with coffee these days thanks to the Starbucksification the world, there is often some confusion about what it really is – largely because of the “roasted coffees” available in supermarkets around the world. First, and most importantly, the espresso is not a method of roasting coffee. It is neither a grain nor a mixture. It is a method of preparation. More specifically, it is a preparation method in which a jet of hot and highly pressurized water passes ground coffee to produce a concentrated coffee beverage with a deep taste, sturdy. While there is no standardized process for preparing an espresso, the definition of the Italian company Illy looks as good as any other to explain:
A stream of hot water at 88 ° -93 ° C (190 ° -200 ° F) passes under a pressure of nine or more atmospheres through seven grams (0.25 ounces) cake-like ground layer and tamped coffee. If done correctly, the result is a concentration of no more than 30 ml (one ounce) of pure sensory pleasure.
For those of you who, like me, a few years not tread a science class, for nine atmospheres of pressure it is equivalent to nine times the normal amount of pressure exerted by Earth’s atmosphere. How can you deduce from the accuracy of the description of Illy, a good espresso is good chemical formula. It is accuracy and consistency, and find the perfect balance between grinding, temperature and pressure.Espresso happens at the molecular level. This is why the technology has been such an important part of the historical development of espresso and a key to the ongoing search for the perfect espresso. While espresso was never designed by itself, machines for preparing cappuccinos and lattes our have a history that goes back more than a century.
Moriondo patent for a coffee machine powered by steam (Image: Wikimedia commons)
In the 19th century, coffee was big business in Europe, with cafés flourish across the continent. However, the preparation of coffee was a slow process and, as still happens today, customers often had to wait for his drink. Seeing an opportunity, the inventors across Europe began exploring ways to use the steam to reduce the processing time coffee – this was, after all, the era of steam.
But surely there were countless patents and prototypes, the invention of the machine and the method that gave way to the espresso is usually attributed to Angelo Moriondo of Turin, Italy, which obtained a patent in 1884 for the “new steam engine for economic manufacture and instant drink coffee. “it consisted of a machine of a boiler, which is heated up to 1.5 bar pressure, carrying water through a large bed of coffee beans on demand, with a second boiler steam empababa coffee bed and so completed the mix.Although the invention of Moriondo was the first coffee machine in use water and steam, it was something created exclusively for the General Exhibition of Turin. It is not known much more about Moriondo, due largely to what we would consider today as a failure of marketing. There was never any machines “Moriondo” no verifiable machines in existence, and there is not even photographs of his work.With the exception of his patent, Moriondo has been lost in history. The two men that would improve the design to produce espresso coffee Morinodo not make the same mistake.
Luigi Bezzera patent for a “coffee”. (Image: Google patents)
Desiderio Pavoni and Luigi Bezzerra was the Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs of espresso. The artisan of Milan and “distilled spirits producer” Luigi Bezzera was the way to do it. He had invented the espresso machines under 100 dollars in the early twentieth century while searching for a method to quickly prepare coffee in the cup.
He made numerous improvements to the machine Moriondo, introducing the filter holder, several heads to pour coffee, and many other innovations associated even today espresso machines today. In the original patent Bezzera, a large boiler and heating chambers was filled and heated until water and steam expelled through a disc tamping coffee. The mechanism by which hot water would also exerted radiator, lowering the water temperature of the boiler to an ideal to consume about 90 ° C. temperature and voila, espresso. For the first time, a cup of coffee pedia and served in seconds. But the invention of Bezzera was heated under an open flame, making it difficult to control the pressure and temperature, and virtually impossible to control a constant flow of hot water. Perseverance and consistency is the key in the world of espresso. Bezzera designed and built a few prototypes of this machine, but the resulting coffee was not very valued because he had no money to expand the business or marketing any idea to sell the machine. But if you meet someone who would. Here enters the story Desiderio Pavoni.
Espresso machine Bezzera in Milan 1906 (image: Bezerra)
Pavoni bought the patent Bezerra in 1903 and improved some aspects of design. He had invented the first safety valve. This meant that the hot coffee was not scorch the barista at the time of making coffee, facilitating this process and earning the gratitude of baristas worldwide.
Pavoni also created the steam pipe, to directly access the steam generated in the boiler.
Bezzera and Pavoni jntos worked to perfect his machine, which Pavoni dubbed the “Ideale”. In the Milan Fair 1906, the two men showed the world the “espresso”.
Bezzera, although even could have built first Pavoni machines, was slowly disappearing from the scene (the end of the day he had bought the patent), while Pavoni continued worldwide selling their brand of machines “espresso” ( “Made in the heat of the moment “), which are commercially produced in his studio in Milan.
With its numerous innovations, Ideale marked an important step in the development of the first modern espresso. After the Milan Fair, like espresso coffee machines they began to appear throughout Italy, and the simple machine Bezerra evolved into an elaborate machine golden flourishes and ornaments taken as an aircraft from a novel by Jules Verne.
An espresso machine Ideale 1910
These first machines could eventually produce 1,000 cups of coffee per hour, but depended exclusively steam, which had the unfortunate side effect of transferring the coffee a burnt taste bitter, and could only get to generate two bar pressure very 9 bars currently considered a standard for the development of an espresso correctly still far from.
Victoria Arduino Poster (Image: Wikimedia commons)
A strong competitor was Pier Teresio Arduino Pavoni. Arduino was an inventor with the determination to find a method of preparing an espresso that did not depend exclusively steam. Even having conceived the incorporation of air pistons and valves in their machines, it was not able to realize their ideas.However, his major contributions to the history of espresso were otherwise. Arduino was businessman and a marketer far more than Pavoni. He elaborated a marketing strategy around the espresso, which directly included the graphic designer Leonetto Cappiello to create the famous poster that captured the essence of espresso and speed of the modern era. In the 20s, Arduino had a greater than Pavoni in Milan workshop and, as a result of their production capabilities and marketing expertise, was better prepared to export machines outside Milan and espresso expand to the rest of Europe.
Vintage machines Gaggia lever (image: Espresso machine classics)
The person who finally managed to pass the barrier of the 2 bar pressure was the owner of a cafe called Achille Gaggia Milan. Gaggia machines transformed the baroque inspired by Jules Verne, in a chrome lever machines taken from a spacecraft. In the Gaggia machine, invented after the Second World War, the pressurized steam pushing water inside a cylinder was pressurized harder piston by a lever operated by the barista. This not only made disappear the need for large boilers, but also drastically increased pressure from about 2 bar to 8-10 bar. Lever machines also standardized the size of espresso. The cylinder lever groups could only contain one ounce of water, limiting the volume that could be used to make coffee.
With lever machines also introduced a new lingo: baristas that powered machines Gaggia coined the term “serve a shot” (in English pulling a shot) of espresso. A historical anecdote says that the first consumers were reluctant to take the “junk” that floated over coffee until Gaggia began referring to it as “creamers”, suggesting that the coffee was of such quality that produced its own cream. With high pressure and golden cream, Gaggia lever machine marks the birth of contemporary espresso.
E61 espresso machine
But this is not nearly the end of the evolution of the machine. The next revolution in the espresso machine happened in the revolucionariosn 60s, when the piston Gaggia machine was surpassed by the Faema E61 invented by Ernesto Valente in 1961, the E61 introduced many innovations and world firsts espresso. Instead of using manual force barista, he used a motorized pump provided 9 bar pressure needed to serve an espresso. Pump water directly transferred through a pipe in a spiral inside the boiler before firing through the coffee. A heat exchanger always kept the water at the ideal temperature to serve coffee. With these technical innovations, small size, versatility and shiny stainless steel design, the E61 was an immediate success fairly and included in the pantheon of the most influential coffee machines in history.
Surely there are more steps along the way, but these developments mark the commercial history of espresso. For more than a century, the espresso machine has been dramatically improved, with electronics, computerized meters, and portable pneumatic systems. But as with the most important objects of design, science and technology are not enough. There is a part of art in the espresso. Barista talent is as important as the quality of grains and efficiency of the machine. “Macinaziones” the right ground grain, which ideally should be done just before serving the drink; “Miscela” blend coffee and toast, and “Hand”, the skill of the barista, because even with the best grain and the most advanced equipment, coffee depends on the touch and style barista.
When combined properly, these four “Emes” produce a drink that is both elegant bez round, with a light and sweet cream lingering over coffee.
A complex drink with a complex history.
When you know how to clean a sofa perhaps most important is to know why it gets dirty and the causes of staining, thus avoid future stains and achieve a prevention that eventually we will save on cleaning time or money if we buy a new sofa.
Use daily sofa just leaving it dirty, stained upholstery, with hairs and food scraps etc. Leave the sofa as new requires a very thorough cleaning. In supermarkets sure you can see hundreds of specific products for cleaning a sofa. These products can be very expensive and the end result will not be what you expected. Nor do we recommend that the first exchange acudas to seek help from a professional cleaning because it could be very expensive too, for all that, we invite you to keep reading because you’re going to turn on how to properly clean a sofa without using expensive products and without damaging or spoiling the sofa upholstery.
1 – Vacuuming
Vacuum cleaners usually have an attachment which engages the tube and is specific to couch cleaning. With this accessory we can absorb dirt particles from upholstery, dust and other debris. This is certainly the first step before cleaning anything like we have to sweep a floor before mopping, vacuuming dirt need the sofa before cleaning with other products. We recommend vacuuming at least once a week and thoroughly clean the sofa once a month.
2 – Prepare a mixture of products.
There are many commercial products in specific market for sofas, for armchairs, for leather skins etc. These products are usually quite expensive and the results can sometimes be negligible. We advise you yourself prepare a homemade mixture will secure cheaper, without chemicals that harm the environment or health and to leave some very good results.
It is mix a cup of hot water with a splash of liquid soap without parabens, as we can use to cleanse your hands. Mix well with a whisk all so stay white frothy. With this liquid we get clean without fear intoxicated or damage the surface of the sofa.
3 – Apply the product.
To apply this liquid will use a clean sponge or very soft brush, because if we use other types of cloth can scratch and damage forever the couch. We get wet sponge in the liquid and apply it on the couch with circular movements, always from the top down to prevent drops or spills fall on the already cleaned area.
4 – Remove the foam
It is not good that there is foam on the couch, excess foam may discolor the upholstery to dry, so we recommend spending a plastic spatula and go collect excess foam. We can use a clean cloth dipped in cold water to rinse the rest of the surface of the sofa.
5 – Let dry.
Finally, we will let the sofa dry air, by opening windows or using fans pointing to the sofa, thus, in a few hours we will have dry.
To maintain the cleanliness and last much longer, we recommend taking precautions when consuming food. Use a bowl to collect the crumbs, not to support food scraps on the upholstery, and if spilled some drink, clean and dry as soon as possible to prevent the stain stay permanently. Speed is vital to get a good result.
The hussy were 15 kilos less and I-trau-Mo. One of the most sybaritic ladies of myCISEN and I had been to see us on the terrace for breakfast Meridiem of a pasture, and see #superguapasuperflacaysuperlacia said goodbye chilaquiles.
When ordering I figured she was just going to ask for a glass of water, but no, this lady # delascuatrodécadas took an envelope from his CH (stating that I speak ofCarolina Herrera , are not going to believe that there are bags of the brand Calderon Hinojosa ) and asked the waiter to please you dissolve the powder inthe envelope on a small plate with light milk. As I asked the source of #lospolvosmagicos, my friend told me the best kept secret to stop vomiting: ABC diet drops.
Installed in the role of Miss Nutrition, my spy told me with pears and apples that this is a treatment prescribed at the Center for Nutrition, Obesity and Metabolic Disorders of the ABC Hospital Observatory and consists of consultations with general practitioners, nutritionists and psychologists which, through a long list of clinical studies determine the state of obesity and fat treatment as she should wear.
“You’re going to shit when I tell you what politicians are going to this diet,” said entusiasmadísima me while I thought why all my gossips, when I spend #superchisme, think #ashhhhh will suffer from fecal incontinence.
And because my informanta let go: “I have seen Ernesto Cordero (Minister of Finance); also to guapito this, called, called Poiré, Alejandro Poiré (Technical Secretary of the National Security Council); which has dropped canyon is Mony de Swaan (president of the Federal Telecommunications Commission) I think like me, around 15 kilos; Like I’ve seen Mario Delgado (Secretary of Education DF); I have not seen it but my husband says it also goes Alejandra Sota (coordinator of Social Communication of the Presidency) and already he looks up waist “.
The Spanish Society of Pneumology has been reviewed lung health of our politicians: a quarter of smokers leaders, three out of ten are at risk of developing COPD and 40% still unaware that smoking is the leading cause of illness
Spanish parliamentarians at the door of the Congress of Deputies. This scene is most common
Political subjects the lungs of deputies and senators to a “high voltage.”Three out of ten of our leaders today are subject to fatigue levels, have an average age, have a smoking and other respiratory symptoms such suffering real risk suffering COPD, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease. It is one of the conclusions drawn from an analysis prepared by the Spanish Society of Pneumology and Thoracic Surgery (Separ ), which has undergone “examination” medical respiratory 285 Spanish parliamentarians and has tested their knowledge in relation to the COPD. for bewilderment of many , though not let get away from standardized between the population levels, between 36% and 54% of our political representatives are unaware that there is a direct relationship between smoking and the prevalence of COPD.the pathology Its main factor causing the cigarette habit, so checked on the outskirts of political institutions such as the Congress of Deputies, online headshop, the Senate or the Assembly of Madrid, many current MPs have this bad habit. In fact, the study of Separ, is in the Madrid Assembly and the regional Parliament of Castilla-La Mancha where the tendency to “go out the door to take a cigarette” is observed: in Madrid, 47% of the Members are smokers ; in the Courts of Toledo, make 38% of parliamentarians.
60%, smokers or recent quitters
Experts are concerned that the smoking rate remains stable, does not fall
On average, Separ warns that more than a quarter of the leaders are smokers. Two thirds are part of the recent category “smokers or former smokers.” The House where most exposed to the effects of smoking is in Upper (in the Senate is “breathes” and suffers the effect of 40 packages per year leader, at least). So, the summary of the Separ is that more than 30% of parliamentarians have the propensity to lung disease , after subjecting them to a post-bronchodilator spirometry and examine the level of carbon monoxide to determine the exposure that had to smoke snuff in the last season, either actively or passively.
Separ also finds that the prevalence rates of COPD among senators, for example, conform to those of the general population: if in Spain 10.2% of the adult population between 40 and 80 years suffer from , among senators rate is 8.6%. However, it is worrying that e mong 49% and 69% of parliamentarians are unaware of what the acronym COPD, mean also ignore that there is a national strategy to prevent the disease. The Separ warning that the degree of knowledge of the disease is “low” among the leaders, “as it is between the Spanish general population , ” he stresses Dr. Joan B. Soriano , director of Epidemiology and Clinical Research Caubet Foundation -Cimera of the Balearic Islands. No less disturbing is, finally, that half of the leaders who have COPD are still undiagnosed (an indicator thatrises to 73% in the case of citizenship outside of Parliaments).
Meter pathology on the political agenda
Disdaining a disease that is the third leading cause of death in 2030 is an error
With these data, Dr. Juan Ruiz Manzano , president of the Spanish Society of Pneumology and Thoracic Surgery, said that this initiative driven among politicians is one of the larger conducted to assess the health of our politicians, while “intended raise awareness of COPD among politicians to make them aware of the existence of this disease and its main risk factor is smoking . ” Scorning, when WHO warns that by 2030 it is expected that COPD is the third leading cause of death (currently causing 18,000 deaths a year in Spain), it would be a mistake. Political and social, so the principal investigators of the study , the Soriano doctors and Julio Ancochea, the Hospital La Princesa in Madrid, stressed that “raising the profile of the disease within the political agenda is a key strategy to disseminate and educate the rest of the population of the risks of developing COPD. “
Finally, under the XLV National Congress held by SEPAR in Madrid, in this study called ConSePOC was presented, experts also expressed concern about the current situation because although they have driven restrictive measures against snuff and its aftermath, have found that they themselves have helped to reduce smoke exposure is in all environments , as in catering establishments, while negative figures “are still in the number of smokers, not low, but stabilizes in failed attempts to snuff cessation by smokers and exposure of children to smoke snuff in their homes “, explains the president of the Separ.
Taxation in force in Mauritius is quite mild: no wealth tax and a single rate for the IR, corporate tax and VAT of 15% and a total lack of social security contributions and taxes. However, when talking about investing abroad should watch the double taxation treatment modalities under bilateral double taxation conventions.
Consult your agreement to avoid double taxation on the Mauritian tax website
This agreement is particularly favorable to the French investor expects revenue from rental of real estate are not taxable in France. Similarly, assets located in Mauritius are not subject to wealth tax.
But be careful, if we sometimes evokes no inheritance tax in Mauritius it is important to clarify that there is no specific article in the treaty between France and Mauritius for the treatment of inheritance. Thus, if the heir is resident in France at the time of succession is French national law that will apply and will be taxed in respect of inheritance taxes in the same way as a French estate.
Living in Mauritius: how to get a residence permit?
As part of a tourist visa for 3 months renewable one time, a non-resident Mauritian can stay up to 6 months in Mauritius. To have the right to reside more than 6 months on Mauritius should be to obtain a residence permit that can apply in the 3 following cases:
– To acquire a property in Mauritius with a value of $ 500,000 as part of a program or IRS RES: under these conditions the investor buying an apartment or luxury villas mauritius may retain his residence permit as an it will retain ownership of the property. In case of purchase in groups, in their own name or through a company, one investor may receive a residence permit attached to good and valid also for the spouse of the investor and his children aged under 18.
– Create a company in Mauritius: To obtain a residence permit for an initial period of 3 years (the renewal is valid for a period of 10 years) depending on the industry will need to invest at least $ 30,000 or $ 100,000 in professional activity, obtain all the authorizations of the sector, justify a minimum annual business turnover, etc. This residence permit is valid for the investor, their spouse and their minor children.
– Retire in Mauritius: it is sufficient for it to prove to the minimum Mauritian authorities levied an income out of Mauritius $ 40,000 per year who will be repatriated to a bank account in Mauritius.The residence permit is valid for a period of 3 years and after that the foreign retiree period may obtain a permanent residence permit.
Our advice in terms of product choice
Property investment in Mauritius requires a thorough examination of program quality, financial guarantees promoter and inking in the Mauritian economy. In fact, many programs never see the commercialization of fault date, funding or authorization. Only a knowledge of the area allows to unearth the real holders of programs added value for future buyers.
Argentine film growth was strongest since 1995, with the Film Development Act.
Keys. “Aura” was the great role of Ricardo Darin and a remarkable fantasy about desire and violence.
In any list of “top ten” always miss something. In the case of Argentine cinema, most of those “best films” came after 1995, when the Film Development Act and the system of subsidies and loans are sanctioned allowed to grow the industry. A fact that was combined with the move to the action of the first graduates of film schools. When choosing, I appealed to three criteria: the individual taste; the weight of film inside and outside the film; and the search for the universal from the local. It is not seeking to avoid the discussion but, on the contrary, open. You can easily find these films on Movie25
1. The paths of Saturn, Hugo Santiago (1985).
It had been over 20 years since the extraordinary invasion, Santiago lived (lives) and filmed in Paris and wheel this story referred to the Argentina dictatorship, but it will in other ways: the adventure, the fantastic, that of the aesthetic reflection. Rodolfo Mederos plays a musician who returns to Aquileia expired from his European exile. Santiago told the Argentina of then with the right distance, in search of human and universal sense of tragedy, with the precise scalpel fiction.
2. Exile of Gardel, Fernando Solanas (1985).
The other side of the same coin: Solanas lived and filmed as Santiago, in Paris.But if Santiago raised the underground permanence of evil, Solanas was betting hope. Which, curiously, went to pay off debts with the past and bet on the future, the brash, joy comedy from the grotesque to the musical (who could not feel the Spring Alfonsin had no face pure light of Gabriela Toscano ?).
3. A Place in the World, Adolfo Aristarain (1992)
Aristarain, one of the few Argentine filmmakers of his generation who understood perfectly that Hollywood was much more than an ideological advanced tools used to narrate the classic western Argentine epic space and its possibilities. “A place …” is, before a film “about Argentina,” a love letter to cinema as the universal language that makes local, by the mere fact of registering simple.
4. Gatica, the Monkey, Leonardo Favio (1993)
Favio made the great film about the meaning of Peronism, a pure metaphor and show. Everything is outrageous, gigantic, a remarkable and full ambition. Master of lateral traveling, to tell the characters through pure action, Favio made a film at the same time wild and accurate. It transformed into a huge circus underground Argentina, hidden, pure punch.
5. World crane, Pablo Trapero (1999)
There was a new film: Trapero, in black and white, tells the story of a man who loses his job. But not only that narrates the real consequences of menemista savagery, with images at the same time everyday and fantastic. Like a science fiction film where an invisible presence has corroded busy and all, “Crane World” far exceeds its misshapen machines, their Patagonian deserts, his impoverished suburbs.
6. Freedom, Lisandro Alonso (2001)
A mystery, or film as a mystery: A woodcutter in the forest, alone with his dog. We see it work, live, briefly traveling to a village, catch a mule, eat, dream. Nothing more, but nothing less: Alonso transforms such trivial gestures in response to the meaning of “freedom” declares the title. Everything remains on hold and play without being look like a documentary. The best film democracy: an interest in him and that.
7. The aura, Fabian Bielinsky (2005)
Argentine cinema lost, with Bielinsky, a teacher. After “Nine Queens”, an extraordinary police on the city as a moral place, “Aura” represented the almost dreamlike translation of what is hidden behind the mask of mediocrity suspense.It is not just the great role of Ricardo Darin, but a remarkable fantasy about desire and violence.
8. The Headless Woman, by Lucrecia Martel (2008)
Perhaps the best film about the consequences of the military dictatorship, without ever naming it. A woman may or may not have accidentally killed a boy.strange forces, voices half, a network of powers that manifest themselves laterally conspire to hide the possible crime. Authentic horror film (a genre that loves Martel), states with unbearable tension, basically, nothing much has changed.
9. Extraordinary Stories of Mariano Llinás (2008)
The bright, comic, emotional, adventurous, generous film that has given the Argentine cinema in the last three decades. Many stories with literary airs playing Borges, Kipling, Tintin, Hitchcock, Jane Austen, Mark Twain. There are rivers, crazy architects, assassinations, spectacular robberies, explosions, a great story of love, music, tanks, lions. And a lot mood: A shuffle and deal again, that seems to say enough to mourn the dark: it is time to come to light. The province of Buenos Aires never looked more beautiful.
10. The student, Santiago Mitre (2011)
The only, real, Argentina political film. The context is the university militancy, allowing circumvent the names of political parties and strict references to this portrait of a man who learns how to get and manage power (that’s what should be the real political cinema) have universal validity. Scarface at UBA, and an accurate portrait, while a decade too declaimed.
5 SCENES FROM FILMS OF THE PAST 4 DECADES THAT SHOW HOW CINEMA HAS PORTRAYED DEMOCRACY, NOTING ITS ILLUSORY NATURE
Democracy is the great rhetorical illusion of our day. Borges was just a superstition and the French novelist Louis-Ferdinand Céline vote was a sophisticated way to keep workers happy (voluntary slaves) without influencing power. On the other hand history he tells us that democracy was part of the brightest lights of civilization flourishing in the golden age of reason in Athens under Pericles (an opposite light to the spartan vision of military control). Maybe things have changed, maybe the story is another illusion.
We share here a list of 5 scenes, based on this list with some added, showing comically or with a scathing insight how democracy exists in our society, where politics particularly in the United inseparable from marketing States, public relations and manipulation of opinion. These scenes show a lineage of political sleight of past eras; you are able to see full movies on the site of movie25
In the film Election , 1999, director Alexander Payne shows a school choice as a microcosm of what happens nationally. A teacher (Matthew Broderick’s character) before the irritating presence of a student (Reese Witherspoon) decides to alter the vote count. United States live two elections in 2000 and 2004 in which there is reasonable doubt about the integrity of voting, you can easily find this movie on Movie4k
In the 1972 film The Candidate , Robert Redford plays a young prospect who wins the Senate inadvertently, almost as if it were a game. The film ends with the question “What now?” Suggesting that really the only important thing was to get elected and then we really do not care what you do.
In the classic 1976 multiawarded The Network we get a glimpse of the influence of media and corporate power, which often goes beyond the political power they have. In this scene we see how democracy is an illusion; what exists is the corporatocracy and the opinions of the market. The TV station that appears in this film as a superpower can be extrapolated to dozens of nations.
This scene of Black Sheep shows the character of comedian Chris Farley, the brother of a gubernatorial candidate, an election confuse the public with the audience of MTV: Rock The Vote .An example of this part style Jackass that exists in the media and American politics.
In Wag the Dog(1997), a political operator and a Hollywood producer join forces to create a fake war in a vague place in the Balkans that nobody in America knows (also revealing the geocentric ignorance of many citizens of this country) so that the president can be elected. The scene shows, in terms of sham exposed by Baudrillard, how the reality of something is given on television: if we see on TV is that it is real; if not, then not exist.
Toothache is often present in the form of a constant vibration or dull pain. There are many causes of tooth pain and toothache, and not all of them are related to dental problems. If you are experiencing tooth pain while walking, the underlying cause may be an infection in the mouth, sinus or ear canal.
Tooth pain is most commonly caused by tooth decay, which can affect both children and adults. Bacteria are always present in the mouth, and develop into starches and sugars in the foods you eat. Thriving bacteria form a slime known as plaque which coats the tooth surfaces. The acids are produced by the bacteria in plaque, which has the potential to eat through the enamel layer of the teeth. When it does, a cavity is formed. Cavities can cause severe pain in certain temperatures and types of food, and also general and dull throbbing pain.
“According to Freedom Dental Melbourne, wisdom teeth develop later in life, and often remain under the gums for a significant portion of his life. If you are affected, or even partially affected, there is the potential for infection if food is trapped between the wisdom teeth and gums. An infection can cause inflammation of the gums and pain that spreads to other teeth, jawbone, ears and down her throat. This type of pain has the potential to be aggravated by walking or vigorous movements, which would explain in part by tooth pain when walking.” Sinusitis
Sinusitis is the technical term for a sinus infection, which infects the sinuses located above the upper molars. Because the roots of the upper molars may extend into the sinus cavities, they also may throb and hurt if the sinuses become inflamed. A toothache sinus infection is the official diagnosis for tooth pain during the presence of sinusitis.
The most common symptoms of sinusitis are nasal obstruction and congestion, yellow or greenish discharge from the nose, a decreased sense of smell and taste, and the pressure and pain around the eyes, nose, cheeks, forehead and upper jaw and teeth. Head and sinus pressure may be aggravated by walking and vigorous movements, which in turn could cause or increase tooth pain.
If you suspect your tooth pain is caused by sinusitis, contact your doctor to discuss treatment options. In most cases, a sinus toothache pain is clear when the sinus infection has been treated and resolved. If not, make an appointment with your dentist. He can see his teeth and look for other possible causes for tooth pain. Ear infections Ear infections
, Also known as earaches, causing swelling, tenderness and pain in the ear canal and jaw, and the proximity of the teeth can cause ear infection also causes tooth ache and throb. Walking can shake the infected eardrum and canal, which in turn can worsen the symptoms of pain, including pain in the teeth.Ear infections usually the result of some kind of infection and treated with antibiotics. Clarification of ear infection usually goes away any dental pain associated. When visiting the dentist
If your tooth pain does not go away after addressing related issues, or suddenly gets worse, you should consult your dentist immediately for the pink braces. Tooth pain can be a sign of problems with your teeth, gums, nerves or jaw, and if untreated, can worsen and cause complications.
Suppose someone describe a small country that gives free education up to university level to all its citizens, school transportation for children and health care operations without including heart- cost for everyone. One might think that your country is incredibly rich or is on track to fiscal crisis.
After all, the rich countries of Europe realize increasingly that can not afford a college education and are asking young people and their families who bear the costs. For its part, the US has never tried to provide free university education for all and it took a bitter battle to ensure that poor Americans have access to health care, a guarantee that the Republican Party is now working to repeal the argument that the country can not afford it.
Like other emerging, Mauritius faces the loss of competitiveness of the exchange rate.
In the last decade, the archipelago has built a strong social network and a diversified economy
But Mauritius, a small island nation in the eastern coast of Africa, is not particularly rich nor addresses the budgetary ruin. However, in recent decades it has been dedicated to successfully build a diversified economy, a democratic political system and a strong social safety net. Many countries, including the United States, could learn from their experiences.
On a recent visit to this tropical archipelago of 1.3 million, I had the opportunity to see some of the progress made by Mauritius, achievements that may seem surprising in light of the debate that occurs in the United States and elsewhere. Consider home ownership. While American conservatives argue that the intent of his government to expand the proportion of homeowners 70% of the country’s population was what caused the financial crisis, 87% of Mauritians own their homes. No housing bubble.
Now a painful number: Mauritius’s GDP has been growing at more than 5% annually for nearly 30 years. Obviously there must be some trick. Mauritius must be rich in diamonds, oil or other valuable product. However, Mauritius has no exploitable natural resources. Indeed, when its independence from Britain, which came in 1968 approached, his future was so disappointing that the Nobel James Meade laureate economist wrote in 1961: “It will be a great achievement if you find productive employment for its population without a serious reduction of the level of life … the prospects of peaceful development are scarce. ”
As if to prove Meade wrong, the Mauritians have increased per capita income of less than $ 400 at the time of independence to more than $ 6,700 today. The country has gone from sugar monoculture to a diversified economy that includes tourism, finance, textiles and, if current plans are successful, high technology.
First, the question is not whether we can afford health care or education for all and ensure a greater proportion of homeowners to mauritius apartment. If Mauritius can, also be the United States and Europe, which are much richer. It is rather how to organize society. Mauritius has chosen a path that leads to higher levels of social cohesion, welfare and economic growth and a lower level of inequality.
Second, unlike many other small countries, Mauritius has decided that most military spending is a waste. America does not have to go that far: just a fraction of the money the country spends on weapons that do not work to fight enemies that do not exist greatly contribute to creating a more humane society, including the provision of health care and education those who can not afford them.
Third, Mauritius recognized that without natural resources, its people were its only asset. Perhaps that appreciation of human resources is also what led Mauritius to realize that, especially because of the potential religious, ethnic and political differences in the country, which some tried to use to induce him to remain as a British colony – universal education was essential for social unity. So was a strong commitment to democratic institutions and cooperation between workers, government and employers, the exact opposite of disagreements and divisions that currently grown conservatives in the United States.
This does not mean that Mauritius has no problems. Like many other emerging market countries that have been successful, Mauritius is facing a loss of competitiveness of the exchange rate. And as more and more countries intervene to weaken their exchange rates in response to US attempts to carry out a competitive devaluation through quantitative easing, the problem worsens. Mauritius is almost certainly also have to intervene.
Moreover, as is the case in many other countries, Mauritius is concerned about imported food and energy inflation. Respond to inflation by increasing interest rates simply exacerbate the difficulties represent higher with high unemployment rates and a type of even less competitive exchange rate. It will be necessary to consider direct interventions, restrictions on capital inflows of short-term, taxes on capital gains and stabilizing prudential banking regulations.
Mauritius Miracle dates to independence; however, the country still carries some of its colonial legacies: inequality in land and wealth and high vulnerability to global politics. The United States is one of the islands of Mauritius, Diego Garcia, as a naval base without compensation, as officially the lease to UK, who not only kept the island of Chagos, in breach of international law and the United Nations but expelled its citizens and refuses to allow them to return.
Now the United States should behave properly with this peaceful and democratic country: recognize the rightful ownership of Diego Garcia, renegotiate the lease and redeem the sins of the past through a fair payment for the territory they have occupied illegally for decades.
Reruns were carried out only in the Faculty of science accounting and administrative. According to students the first attacks were carried out at the Faculty of veterinary medicine, but yet were not acudidos.
The Dean of the Faculty of science accounting and administrative, Edgardo Pineda Quispe, says that what happened the last four of June (student elections) in this House of studies, was one of the worst passages that has occurred in the National University of the Highlands (a – Puno), since the violence recorded in the afternoon has left extensive damage.
“It is not possible that students in vocational training have turned an electoral party in an act of vandalism and crime, damaging his own House of studies”, was the point of view of the main authority of this faculty.
According to Pineda, the economic losses estimated so far by the blight of crystals in their classrooms would be the 50 thousand nuevos soles, so questioned the actions of leaders, because that money could have been used for other matters.
So also, it was speculating looting in several faculties, including Cloud bookkeeper services and administration; However, this was denied by the Dean, “losses were only recorded by smashing glass, most not of looting or other elements”, added.
According to students who participated in this lawsuit that apart from the economic consequences, was wounded, all the mess began with the destruction of some crystals of the Faculty of veterinary medicine, what would have caused the reaction of the other party’s candidates.
“Were gathered every game with your group, clear at the beginning there were provocations, but not believed that this would more then was when some other party colleagues, hurt by the loss at the Faculty of veterinary medicine, began with the destruction of some glasses, then started when the conflict”, said a student who preferred not to identify for possible retaliation.
1. the Faculty in most affected was already answer for damages, as students threatened to suspend their academic work but you topped up the damages. 2. However, the authorities yet have identified those responsible for these regrettable events, which for Edgardo Pineda must be thoroughly investigated by the relevant authorities.
People who wish to get in shape while having fun: If you can not do more squats,slots, pumps and cardiovascular exercises boring, then this program is for you. We will teach you the dance routines choreographed the most exciting to help you lose weight and achieve incredible shape while you live an incredibly exhilarating experience!And to tell, how many calories are burned using cize?? Training with high intensity interval can burn up to 160 calories in ten minutes for an individual of average weight. Perform intense cardio can burn 318 calories stable in 40 minutes for a 150-pound person. Recovery days can burn 255 calories in 50 minutes.
People who want to learn to dance: Tap your foot to the beat of the music you listen to?Do you sing sometimes to the tune of your favorite song?So, no doubt, you can learn to dance while putting you in shape, following Shaun T as it dissects each dance routine in simple,achievable steps.People with experience in the dance: Shaun T returns to its level of back- dancer root to create these dance classes. The choreography will challenge you, and you will learn new moves while you exercise!Recent training programs
Families: When you watch TV with your family, have you ever said, “I’d like to do that”seeing dancers in music videos or variety shows? It is now possible to do it – together! Jus tBeach body follow Shaun. It will teach you to you and your family, the moves you see on TV. In addition,you will dance on the most lively music originally recorded by artists such as Ariana Grande,Timbaland, Bruno Mars and more!
The President of Andalusia, Susana Díaz, has been a mother for the first time this evening in the hospital of Seville Valme . Enough with it pressed Medical Center Gynecologist NYC maternity in policy debate to the table again. As happens every time.
Aware of the suspicions that still arouses a pregnancy when a public role of responsibility, one of the first things that made Susana Díazwas reassuring to voters, party and opposition colleagues. My pregnancy “will not affect at all the electoral calendar”, she said, because “I conciliaré normally, as do thousands of women”. A rationale that in no case would rule one of their male counterparts.
What do your maternity leave? How will you balance the Presidency of the Board with the care of the baby? They are issues arising in the case of politicians not but that the policies do them is often. As you do so, most likely it that Diaz receive criticism from some sector. At least this was the case on previous occasions.
The pregnancy of her party, Carme Chacón, roommate gave much to talk about. Became the first pregnant woman to be Minister. The first Minister of defence, also. He reviewed troops from Afghanistan with her seven-month-old baby in the gut. He had to travel to the country on a special medical team. It was April 19, 2008, when it produced that picture, described as ‘historical’. But the situation has not changed almost since then.
Chacon decided to share maternity leave with your partner down, an alternative in the law. Maternal permission consists of 16 weeks or 112 consecutive days. Of those 16 weeks, six are compulsory, which were those that enjoyed the then Minister. The other 10 are optional and transferable, in whole or in part, to the father. The Ministeralso opted to move to a floor of the Ministry of defence to live, to reconcile better work and personal life. Of course, it was criticized.
Harder still were the comments with the Vice-President of the Government Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría, who had her baby three years after Chacón, in 2011. Just 10 days after giving birth, she returned to frontline. The criticisms came from the first moment. If it was not a good example of conciliation, which is prejudicial to the rights of women, etc. So much so that the Government – very reluctant then and now to provide information which is considered ‘private’ – went out to the passage to say that “the agenda of the Vice President was minimal” and she said that it was adapted to feeding schedules. “The shots must be given them; that is impepinable,”he said in an interview.
A problem that not only affects Spain
Rachida Dati, the French Minister of Justice in the Government ofSarkozy, joined the work just five days after having her son, by caesarean section. He admitted that he acted so “out of fear” to be “away” from his post. A decision that was not well view or by their own political peers, as the own Carme Chacón, who questioned this approach.
On the opposite side, to lay claim to the maternity leave and the right to conciliation were two parliamentary that called ‘ Euromadres‘. First it was the Danish Hanne Dahl, who came in 2010 to a plenary session of the European Parliament with her baby in her arms. Up to that moment was an unknown. From that day it became a symbol of the struggle to improve the reconciliation. “I had no choice but, my husband had to attend a meeting in Copenhagen. I took it because I had to vote”, he explained to ELMUNDO.es
The maternal scene repeated it shortly after the Italian Licia Ronzulli, Member of the party people of freedom (PDL) of the then Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi. It was your baby and received the applause of his colleagues.
Among the politicians, there are few examples of conciliation. Perhaps the most striking was that of Tony Blair, who wanted to limit its activity for a time to devote to their children, an option that gave him more popularity and then would copy you the Prime Minister David Cameron.
Please note that the official page of the Tenth Congressional District Democratic Leadership Conference is not presently available and that it will reappear after extensive revisions. (Removed 1/29/97)
While we have attempted to ensure the
accuracy of the information included here, no liability for consequential damages
is assumed by the Walnut Creek Democratic Club, its officers or members, nor by
any contributors to these pages. Your independant confirmation of conditions, access,
fees, and hours of operation of facilities is strongly recommended. Hiking trail reviews
are based upon a healthy adult adequately prepared for expected conditions and in good
Political views expressed are those of individual authors and do not necessarily reflect the
views of candidates, other contributors or organizations and in particular should not be considered
as reflecting the views of non-partisan organizations reviewed or referenced. We hope
that if these views differ from yours that you will take it all in good humor. After all,
if you disagree you can go out and write your own web page! (Isn't it great?) And if you
agree with our viewpoints and have an interest you might consider becoming a
contributor to these pages.
Fight the Right March
Sunday, April 14th, 1 P.M. in San Francisco Coordinated by NOW, this march was mirrored in Washington. Issues presented included:
*NO RETREAT on affirmative action.
*FIGHT racism and immigrant bashing.
*PROTECT abortion and reproductive rights.
*STOP all forms of violence against women.
*BAN Discrimination based on gender and sexual orientation.
*PROMOTE fair labor practices.
*END the war on poor people.
Democratic Clubs, Candidates and Activities. Join us - Democrats have more fun!
Additions to this page in the near future will include the following topics:
Index to Local Town Pages.
Festivals and Fairs.
Behring Auto Museum.
Saving (and Wasting) Water in Contra Costa. Find out what you can do to save water. Find out which individual is the biggest water waster in the entire water district and how you can let him know what you think about his gluttony.
Watch Radical Right Congressman Bill Baker attempt to paint
himself greener than Kermit the Frog! Complete franked letter
from B.B. reprinted inside!You paid for it,
so you might as well read it! Compare what he says with how he votes.
Check out the Republicans page to see their
true colors exposed by their own statements.